بررسی تطابق الزامات و قوانین برچسب‎گذاری محصولات غذایی در کشورهای پیشرو و اسلامی با قوانین ایران (یک مطالعه تطبیقی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 معاونت غذا و دارو، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران

2 انستیتو تحقیقات تغذیه ای و صنایع غذایی کشور، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی،تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران

4 سازمان غذا و دارو، وزارت بهداشت درمان و آموزش پزشکی، تهران، ایران

5 گروه بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم ;پزشکی تهران

چکیده

برچسب‏گذاری مواد غذایی از جمله موارد ضروری در آگاهی دادن به خریدار در هنگام خرید است. افراد با توجه به شرایط متفاوت جسمانی خود نیازهای متعددی برای دقت به محتویات و برچسب‎های مواد غذایی مصرفی خود دارند. با توجه به گسترش استفاده از محصولات بسته‎بندی شده، بالا رفتن فرهنگ مردم و توجه به سلامت جامعه، برچسب‎گذاری ابزاری مهم جهت اطلاع‎رسانی به مصرف‎کنندگان و سنجش سلامت محصولات محسوب می‎شود که باید به‎نحو مطلوب و با کارایی بالا مورد استفاده قرار گیرد تا نقش به‎سزایی در کاهش بیماری‎های غیرواگیر ایفا نمایند. پژوهش حاضر در قالب یک مطالعه کتابخانه‎ای و با استفاده از مقالات مرتبط در بانک‎های اطلاعاتی و موتورهای جستجو انجام شده‎است. همچنین قوانین و مقررات برچسب‎گذاری در کشورهای کانادا، انگلستان، ژاپن، استرالیا و نیوزیلند، افریقای‎جنوبی، امارات، مالزی، ترکیه، اتحادیه‎اروپا و کدکس‎غذایی بررسی و با ضوابط موجود در ایران مقایسه‎ شد. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که حدود 90% قوانین بین‎المللی بررسی‎شده مرتبط با برچسب‎گذاری در کشورهای مختلف، با ایران مطابقت دارد. بر اساس مطالعات پیشین با توجه به فراوانی اطلاعات مندرج، محدودیت زمانی در هنگام خرید فرآورده‌های غذایی از یک سو و ناخوانا بودن برخی اطلاعات در برچسب‎ها و مخدوش‎شدن آنها و همچنین غیر قابل‎فهم بودن اطلاعات، دستیابی به اهداف سیاست برچسب‌گذاری حاصل نشده‌است. این مطالعه لزوم وجود یک طرح منسجم و ضرورت یکسان‎سازی برچسب‎های تمامی محصولات غذایی را برای جلوگیری از سردرگمی و بلاتکلیفی مصرف‎کننده در حیطه برچسب‎های غذایی آشکار می‏کند.

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