عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Among the religious teachings, the use of certain goods has been introduced as haram for those who are obliged to do so, which means the necessity of avoiding them; In such a way that if they are committed, it will result in divine punishment. Although in the analysis of the process of attribution to sanctity, in the value-consumption structure of goods, different views are seen, from the point of view of some, the reference for validating and valuation of goods is only custom, and the view of Sharia is also formed on the axis of customary view, and on the other hand, some are of the opinion that the view of Sharia is independent and separate the view of tradition from valuation of goods; However, the result of both views is the authority of the view of the holy Shariah in the exploitation of goods. From this point of view, analyzing the view of the Shariah and finding a comprehensive model to recognize the haram goods is an undeniable necessity, because in its shadow, benefiting from other goods is considered permissible.
Methods: This article is prepared based on the descriptive-analytical method and using the library document analysis approach.
Results: The results of the present research indicate that by referring to religious sources, analyzing the language of Sharia evidence, it is possible to express criteria for the exploitation and benefit of objects, according to the functions and rational needs of each era.
Conclusion: Reflecting on jurisprudence texts shows that Sharia does not have an established view in the validation and valuation of goods and accepts the same validation of tradition in the use and exchange of goods. Therefore, the idea proposition of lawgiver is exclusive when it has a different view from tradition, which has manifested towards the haram goods while expressing the characteristics of edible (impurity, carcass, forbidden meat, evil) and non-edible goods (misleading tools). The important point is that in some cases, although the linguistic of the reason that declares the use of goods as haram is absolute, it should be analyzed in a specific context and consumption.